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In 2008, Microsoft attempted to validate the experiment by analyzing the minimum chain length it would take to connect 180 billion different pairs of users in the Microsoft Messenger database.According to Microsoft's finding, the average chain length was 6.6 hops.He wanted to see how connections are made between individuals online (in this case through Facebook).In November 2007, he created a group on Facebook called Six Degrees and invited all of his friends to join.So, what does the six degrees of separation have to do with social networking on the Internet? The creation and expansion of the World Wide Web has allowed individuals from all over the globe to connect at a faster pace.
, he concluded, "As progress marches on, the world gets smaller. Whether we're separated by six degrees or ten degrees or one degree isn't important.
In 1967, American sociologist Stanley Milgram devised a new way to test the theory, which he called "the small-world problem." Milgram randomly selected people in the midwest to send packages to a stranger located in Massachusetts.
The senders knew the recipient's name, occupation and general location.
The idea behind the six degrees of separation is simple: If a person is one step or relationship away from each individual he or she knows and two steps away from each person who is known by one of the individuals he or she knows, then everyone on Earth is six relationships or less away from each other.
The background behind the six degrees of separation is broad, depending on which part of the theory you are studying.
Each participant was instructed to send the package to a person he knew on a first-name basis who was most likely, out of all the participant's friends, to know the target personally.